The Ultimate Guide To Using Clay Masks for Natural Hair

Jun 5, 2021

Heads Up!

This content may contain affiliate links. Buying from these links will give us small compensation which we use to run this website. Buying by clicking on the links helps to support our efforts to provide you with the most accurate information. Please consider shopping our suggestions 🙂

Using clay masks for natural hair, although quite popular in the natural hair community, is a relatively new concept in the modern beauty world.

Many naturals swear by clays for detoxifying, detangling and defining their coils, but, just like all things in life, there is a right and wrong way to use clay masks.

a tweet that says the definition you get after using a clay mask is literally UNMATCHED

If you’re not careful, excessive clay masks use can result in very dry hair. And for natural hair, dry hair is the antithesis of healthy curls and coils.

Let’s get into how to use clays masks for natural hair, and which clay is best for your hair type!

What Are Clays?

The use of minerals from the earth for beautification is not a new concept.

Historians state that Cleopatra used mud and clay from the Dead Sea for cosmetic purposes, and, further back, Neanderthals mixed water with various types of muds and clays to cure wounds, alleviate infections and cleaning the skin.

a GIF of two girls doing clay masks

To understand how to use clay masks for hair, it’s important to understand the brief science and rheology behind clays.

Clays are mineral-based, fine-grained natural soils, naturally derived from either volcanic ash or sedimentary rock, that contain a charge within its molecular matrix (either positive or negative).

Their technological properties make them ideal for cosmetic purposes, especially hair.

Firstly, they make for great surfactants as the ionic charge can attract the dirt and buildup from our hair and scalp.

Clays have another special attribute – they swell in the presence of liquid, and contract when dry.

When the clays swell, it attracts to the dirt and buildup to your hair, and holds onto it even after it dries, a process known as adsorption.

When you wash out the clay mask, you are also washing out the dirt and buildup along with it!

The most common liquids used in clay masks for natural hair are water and apple cider vinegar.

With these amazing properties, clays are therefore effective at:

  • Detoxifying the hair from dirt, product buildup or mineral buildup from hard water;
  • Removal of hard-to-reach oil, bacteria and buildup from the scalp;
  • Can be a source of blood-stimulating minerals to the scalp.

There are many different types of clays in the world used in cosmetic formulations, but the three most common clays used for hair are bentonite, rhassoul and kaolinite.

Bentonite

Calcium bentonite clays are the most well-known due to the popularization of the Aztec clay mask.

Derived from volcanic ash, this clay has the strongest swelling-shrinking properties, and thus is the most effective clarifier out of all the clays. This also means that it is the most drying.

This clay is also negatively charged, therefore attracting positively charged ions. Many of the product buildup in our hair are positively charged, as well as mineral buildup from hard water, so it’s a great detox for under clarified hair.

However, as it’s quite stripping, this clay can be too harsh for high porosity, especially first-time clay users.

An alternative to bentonite clay is rhassoul clay, which swells-shrinks less than the bentonite clay, making it less stripping.

Kaolinite

Similar to rhassoul clay, this clay does not swell and shrink as dramatically as bentonite clay, therefore is less stripping and a great option for high porosity hair.

However, unlike bentonite and rhassoul clay, kaolin clay has a positive charge, thus is highly anti-bacterial.

It can also absorb chlorine, which has a negative charge (Cl), thus is a great clay option for swimmers who swim in chlorine pools!

Who Should Use Clay Masks?

Generally speaking, almost any natural can incorporate clay masks into their routines.

Low porosity naturals will find the detoxifying and clarifying trait of bentonite clay particularly effective, while high porosity hair will find rhassoul and kaolin clay highly conditioning with the perfect amount of clarification and detoxification.

Here are the best clay masks for natural hair.

Best Clay Masks for Natural Hair (from gentle to most intense)

Mielle Rice Water Clay Masque

Best for TYPE 3-4, all porosities

Clay masks are usually quite drying but this masque pairs the clay with moisturizing and friction-reducing ingredients such as aloe leaf juice, shea butter and jojoba oil. Best of all, strengthening plant extracts like henna, rosemary and horsetail grass will fortify your hair and keep split ends at bay. Great for first-time clay users for a gentle detox.

an image of creme of nature pre-shampoo detoxifying clay mask

Mystic Moments Moroccan Ghassoul (Rhassoul) Clay

Best for TYPE 4, high porosity

Rhassoul clay, often overlooked, is one of the most gentle clays on the market. The adsorption potential is lower than bentonite clay, making it the ideal clay for high porosity and fine-stranded naturals who require a gentle detox with none of the drying effects.  

an image of creme of nature pre-shampoo detoxifying clay mask

Creme of Nature Pre-Shampoo Detoxifying Clay Mask

Best for TYPE 4, low porosity

This product takes all of the guess work out of DIY-ing your clay mask. Formulated with bentonite and kaolin, this mask will deeply clarify your scalp and strands. The additional conditioning ingredients will keep the hair feeling soft after washing it out.

an image of aztec clay mask indian healing clay

Aztec Indian Healing Clay

Best for TYPE 4, low porosity

This viral clay mask is well-loved in the natural hair and beauty space. The adsorption potential of bentonite clay is significant, making it an effective detox and clarifier. Great for low porosity and coarse-stranded naturals that tend to accumulate product buildup. Always follow up with a moisturizing, protein-free deep conditioner to restore your moisture balance!

How To Do Clay Masks for Hair

If using a raw clay, here are some instructions to get the most out of the treatment:

  • In a non-metal bowl, combine half a cup of your raw clay. Slowly decant water (or apple cider vinegar, your choice!) into the bowl until you get a yogurt-like consistency. Feel free
  • Always ensure you add water to that it’s the consistency of a light cream/yogurt rather than a thick paste. The more water, the easier it is to apply and the more effective the clay will be to pull out all the toxins.
  • Let the clay stand for 5-10 minutes to stabilize the mixture – if the consistency thickens, add more water.
  • Apply the mixture to detangled hair in sections, working the clay into your roots and focusing on your ends. Leave on for 15 minutes.
  • Once in the shower, allow the water to drench your hair until your hair is unhardened. Slowly work the water into your hair to completely remove the hair, ensuring that the clay is completely out of your hair.
  • Follow up with a regular conditioner to soften and condition the hair, and deep condition afterwards.

Clay masks should be a once a month/twice a month affair, especially if you have high porosity hair. The stripping effects of the clay can cause deep dryness, which is the opposite of what we want.

Always deep condition afterwards with a moisturizing, protein-free treatment and leave-in conditioner to replenish and restore your moisture balance.

an image of tgin Miracle Repairx Deep Hydrating Hair Masque

TGIN Miracle Repairx Deep Hydrating Hair Masque

Best for TYPE 4

The most superior ingredient list of any gel on the market. Virtually all-natural, this gel will hydrate the heck out of your curls and works swimmingly for Type 4 naturals, especially for twistouts and braidouts. A definite must-try!

an image of camille rose algae renew deep conditioner

Camille Rose Naturals Algae Renew Deep Conditioner

Best for TYPE 3 – 4

A cult favourite deep conditioner, this deep conditioner contains essential plant-based oils and butters loved by all naturals: manuka honey, mango butter and aloe vera, and also includes moisturizing ingredients such as hemp seed oil and blue-green algae. And it smells like mint chocolate chip!

a picture of camille rose curl love moisture milk

Camille Rose Curl Love Moisture Milk

Best for TYPE 4

This product is well-loved by all naturals, but the film-forming humectants, such as aloe vera and slippery elm, is great for high porosity naturals experiencing moisture loss. The plethora of conditioning ingredients will also make your low porosity hair feel supple and soft. A must try for both low porosity and high porosity naturals looking for a moisture-boost!

Kinky Curly Curling Custard

Best for TYPE 3-4

This gel is a cult classic. Long before the plethora of hair gels for natural hair, this gel was holding it down for the curls. Jam packed with film-forming plant extracts such as marshmallow root and aloe vera, this gel will keep your coils hydrated and ensure every coil is defined. A fan fave for natural hair!

Final Thoughts on the Best Clay Masks for Natural Hair

Clay masks for hair and cosmetic purposes, although not a new concept, can be an effective product in detoxifying our hair.

Always remember to use the clay mask that agrees best with your porosity. The Aztec Clay Mask is highly popular in the natural hair community, but can be stripping to high porosity hair if done excessively.

Be sure to deep condition after you wash out your clay mask to restore your moisture balance and keep your coils tangle free.

The Curl Market is a natural hair blog catered to helping black naturals grow their curls into a long, luscious manes.

We use the latest evidence-based scientific research to provide you with the top tips on growing your curls, regardless of hair type.

We also provide lifestyle tips, both self care and mental care, to ensure you are optimizing your body’s natural hair growth cycle – because you can’t grow natural hair if you’re stressed out!

Come as you are.

The Latest

Is Olaplex on Natural Hair Worth The Hype? We Put It To The Test

Is Olaplex on Natural Hair Worth The Hype? We Put It To The Test

Olaplex has been made quite a splash in the natural hair community over the past couple of years. A salon-grade brand, Olaplex’s mandate is to repair, protect and strengthen all hair types for visibly noticeable results. Many naturals wonder, as the brand is not...

The Best Camille Rose Hair Products For Type 4 Naturals

The Best Camille Rose Hair Products For Type 4 Naturals

Camille Rose hair products are well-known and well-loved in the natural hair community. Boasting a “natural is best” approach to their ingredients and product formulation, this brand has become a household staple in almost every natural’s arsenal. However, as natural...

The Benefits of Hot Oil Treatments on Natural Hair

The Benefits of Hot Oil Treatments on Natural Hair

Hot oil treatments for natural hair are completely underrated in the natural hair world and are often a source of confusion. Are they considered deep conditioners? Can they replace a deep conditioner? Should I do a hot oil treatment on clean or dirty hair? Which oils...

The Top 8 Nourishing Protein Treatments for Natural Hair

The Top 8 Nourishing Protein Treatments for Natural Hair

Fact: having a protein treatment in your routine is essential for breakage-free coils. Unlike deep conditioning, where the aim is conditioning the hair, natural hair protein treatments are to strengthen and support the cortex and cuticle layer, which helps to...

The 8 Best Leave In Conditioners For Natural Hair in 2021

The 8 Best Leave In Conditioners For Natural Hair in 2021

Not all leave in conditioners for natural hair are formulated the same. Some are formulated with moisture in mind, containing a plethora of film-forming humectants and conditioning agents to soften and moisturize the hair. There are some that contain varying-sized...

7 (Very Common) Reasons Why Your Natural Hair Is Always Dry

7 (Very Common) Reasons Why Your Natural Hair Is Always Dry

Dry natural hair is inherent to natural hair. Differences in curl texture, density and porosity, as well as seasonal and environmental conditions all contribute to the moisture potential of our curls and coils. If you’ve ever asked, “why is my natural hair always dry”...

Categories

WRITTEN BY

Ayana Aden

Ayana is The Curl Market’s brand founder. When she’s not deep in natural hair research or creating content, she’s hanging on the couch with her husband and her cat, reading a book or scrolling through TikTok. Follow her on Instagram at @ayanaaaden

The 8 Best Leave In Conditioners For Natural Hair in 2021

The 8 Best Leave In Conditioners For Natural Hair in 2021

Not all leave in conditioners for natural hair are formulated the same. Some are formulated with moisture in mind, containing a plethora of film-forming humectants and conditioning agents to soften and moisturize the hair. There are some that contain varying-sized proteins that aim to promote strength in the hair’s cortex, increasing the hair’s...

read more
7 (Very Common) Reasons Why Your Natural Hair Is Always Dry

7 (Very Common) Reasons Why Your Natural Hair Is Always Dry

Dry natural hair is inherent to natural hair. Differences in curl texture, density and porosity, as well as seasonal and environmental conditions all contribute to the moisture potential of our curls and coils. If you’ve ever asked, “why is my natural hair always dry” or have felt ashamed or frustrated with how dry your hair is, remember: you’re...

read more
Is The Mielle Rice Water Collection Worth The Buy? We Put It To The Test

Is The Mielle Rice Water Collection Worth The Buy? We Put It To The Test

Since the brand’s inception, Mielle has focused on providing high-quality natural hair products for curly-coily naturals. With the successful launch of their first line of products, the Advanced Line formula, Mielle has grown to be a household-name brand, finding success in their subsequent launches. Many naturals swear by some of their best...

read more

What's Your Curl Type?

Take The Quiz!

Learning your curl type is an important step in learning how to take care of your natural hair. It can help you understand what products will work best for you, how often to shampoo, how to style your natural hair, and other key information.

This quiz will give you the lowdown on exactly what your curl type is, so you'll never have to wonder again ♥

Pin It on Pinterest